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Lewis Sheiner


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Printable version

PAGE. Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the Population Approach Group in Europe.
ISSN 1871-6032

Reference:
PAGE 18 (2009) Abstr 1576 [www.page-meeting.org/?abstract=1576]


PDF poster/presentation:
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Poster: Applications- CNS


MYM Peeters The pharmacodynamics of isoflurane in children using Bispectral index and composite auditory evoked potentials

HJ Blussé van Oud-Alblas (1), MYM Peeters (3), MJE Brill (4), CAJ Knibbe (2,3,4), J. Klein (1), D Tibboel (2), F. Weber (1)

1 Department of Anesthesiology, Erasmus Medical Center – Sophia Children’s Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Objectives: Bispectral index (BIS), derived from the electroencephalography (EEG), and the composite A-line autoregressive index (cAAI), derived from both the EEG and auditory evoked potentials, have been promoted as monitors of depth of anaesthesia. The aim of the study was to characterize the relationship between isoflurane end-tidal concentrations and its effect measured by BIS and cAAI in children.

Methods: Twenty children, aged 3-16 years, undergoing standardized isoflurane anaesthesia for cardiac catherization, were enrolled. Population pharmacodynamic modelling and covariate analysis was performed using NONMEM VI. 

Results: The relationship between isoflurane and effect was best described for the BIS by an indirect sigmoid Emax model and a direct opposite Emax model for the cAAI. For the BIS, the EC50 was higher (1.31% versus 0.38%) and the Hill coefficient lower (2.63 versus 7.88). The EC50 using the BIS as endpoint decreased linearly with age (-2LL decrease of 7.77). No covariates were found for the cAAI.

Conclusions: Compared to the BIS,  the cAAI is more sensitive to isoflurane and is associated with an on-off response with no time delay in response calculation, which is reflected by the lower EC50, the steeper Hill coefficient and the direct model. Higher end-tidals isoflurane concentrations are needed in younger children, as age is a covariate using the BIS as an endpoint. At this stage there is little evidence to suggest superiority for cAAI over BIS.