PAGE. Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the Population Approach Group in Europe.
PAGE 18 (2009) Abstr 1507 [www.page-meeting.org/?abstract=1507]
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Oral Presentation: Clinical Applications
WS Denney (1), Y Hang (2), MF Dockendorf (1), C-C Li (1), SR Eid (3), R Valesky (1), T Laethem (5), P Van Hoydonck (5), I DeLepeleire (5), JNJM de Hoon (6), M Crutchlow (4), R Blanchard (4)
(1) Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, (2) BARDS, (3) Pain Research, (4) Clinical Pharmacology Merck Research Laboratories, PA, USA, (5) Clinical Pharmacology, MSD (Europe), (6) Center for Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg (K.U. Leuven), Leuven, Belgium
Objectives: MK-2295 is a potent TRPV1 (transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily, member 1; also known as VR1) antagonist currently in clinical development for chronic pain. The therapeutic window and the dose to maintain plasma concentrations within that therapeutic window were determined with the goal of determining a dosing regimen that would allow safe, efficacious administration.
Methods: Population pharmacokinetic (PK) and PK/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) analyses were performed using NONMEM VI based on data from five clinical trials with approximately 182 subjects treated with drug and/or placebo. A 2-compartment PK model with covariates for age and gender was developed to describe the MK-2295 PK. A series of PK/PD models was developed which related MK-2295 concentration to markers of on-target and undesired activity: core body temperature (CBT, standard Emax with diurnal variation), capsaicin-induced dermal vasodilation (CIDV, competitive Emax), warmth sensation threshold (WS, standard Emax), and hot water bath hand withdrawal time (HWT, Weibull time to event with a standard Emax as the scale parameter).
Results:The EC50s for CBT and CIDV, both markers for MK-2295 on-target activity, were 69.9 and 57.9 nM, respectively. The EC50s for WS and HWT were 267 and 292 nM. While effects on HWT strongly suggest on-target activity, effects of MK-2295 on WS may reflect undesired activity. PK/PD simulation indicated that thermal sensitivity was highly correlated with other target engagement measures (CBT and CIDV) and thus it was impossible to identify a dosing regimen of MK-2295 that was predicted to be efficacious yet also devoid of risk for burn injury.
Conclusions:Modeling and simulation suggested that it is not possible to decouple the loss of temperature sensitivity from the on-target effects of MK-2295. Such modeling efforts can greatly inform decision making.